Today’s vintage entry is rather cute:
This thing was sold for parts and repair since the seller did not think it was working. As it turned out, everything worked just fine, but not in an expected way. This is not your typical calculator, but rather a teaching one. Here is a short video showing how it works.
Apologies for slow response time on my end- took a bit of time to remember how to do arithmetic in my head! After turning it on, you select operation being taught (addition/multiplication/division or subtraction) by pressing an appropriate key, then Set. You then cycle through difficulty levels by pressing Level key. Pressing Go starts the session. A problem is displayed on the screen (say 23+65=). When you enter correct answer, things progress to the next item. Otherwise you get EEE to indicate wrong answer. In my short play with it I found it pretty addictive and refreshingly contained- no Twitter, or Facebook in it to distract me with.
The design uses no fasteners as such- the case and PCB are all clipped together. The display lens is held by heat staking.
Inside we see a genuine single chip design- power in, multiplexed keypad and display out.
Oddly enough not a single cap is present. Also, what’s up with that hole that 7 traces “used” to go to? They all seem to be LED signals, so some external memory is not very likely.
More details on the keypad- if we peel a corner of the black plastic, we can see how the buttons are made. Interestingly enough, the domes are not individual but arranged in strips across the keypad (rows). That’s how they get away with connecting to each one in a single point via a contact weld.The domes in turn touch the column scan wires when pressed. No PCB needed.
Some macro shots of the weld points. Each keypad strips gets one wire connected.
Note an interesting way keypad wires are held in place- with a strip of plastic they got melted into:
And now on to the bubble display- named that way for the lenses placed over the tiny LED segments:
It appears the display is actually made of discrete segmented LED dies, wire-bonded to the board:
And here is the chip driving it all- a TI TMC1993NL (aka TI TMS1990) in DIP-28 package made on week 22 1981. Very impressive how much integration they were able to achieve, considering there are no other parts, even passives around. According to Datamath.org, the specs of the processor are: 4bits,1024×8 ROM, 64×4 RAM, 12 fixed and 31 programmable instructions, direct LED driver
Let’s turn it on:
The design is surprisingly low power for its age. I measured 19uA in the OFF state,
around 12mA in idle,
and 22mA under full load
Very neat design, optimized for easy assembly. Everything snaps together, wiring is minimal and so is the power consumption. And to top it off, it appear MAME project supports emulating this thing with the proper ROM (which are floating around the net).